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Clues to catastrophe at Clachtoll Broch

A community project at Clachtoll Broch, in north-west Scotland, is piecing together the story of a catastrophic event that saw the 2,000-year-old stone tower’s entrance sealed off during the Iron Age. Brochs are unique to Scotland, but this example – which may have once stood 14m high – is particularly special, the project team reports, […]

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Henge found at Blair Ardoch Farm?

A potential henge site has been discovered in North Ayrshire, thanks to aerial photography. Jeni Park of Kilwinning Heritage was browsing the National Library of Scotland’s online resources when she spotted two large concentric circles at Blair Ardoch Farm. Consultation with Dr Ralph Shuttleworth, another member of Kilwinning Heritage, identified the 60m-wide circles as probable […]

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Boxford’s mythological mosaic revealed

A community project near Boxford in Berkshire has uncovered the remains of a late Roman villa containing what has been hailed as ‘the most exciting mosaic discovery made in Britain in the last 50 years’. The HLF-funded project ‘Revealing Boxford’s Ancient Heritage’ is a collaboration between the Boxford History Project, Berkshire Archaeology Research Group, and […]

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Revolutionising chronologies of Neolithic Orkney

Orkney has long been renowned for its wealth of well preserved Neolithic sites, such as Skara Brae, and it seems that much is known about the time and region. But a new study by a team at Historic England has set out to challenge our current understanding of the chronology of the period by compiling […]

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Motoring mystery on Salisbury Plain

Archaeologists working on Salisbury Plain are used to unearthing enigmatic remains, thanks to the area’s rich array of prehistoric ritual sites. Wessex Archaeology’s work at Larkhill (see CA 326 and 328) has turned up a more unexpected discovery, however: the remains of a 1932 MG J2 car. The vehicle was found in a former WWII […]

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Vindolanda’s cavalry cache uncovered

The long-running excavations at Vindolanda, a Roman auxiliary fort just south of Hadrian’s Wall, have uncovered an apparently hastily abandoned cavalry barracks containing a wealth of finds, from weapons to personal items. The Vindolanda Trust-led investigations had opened test-pits beneath the stone foundations of the last stone fortress, revealing anaerobic layers dating from c.AD 120, […]

Overview of site showing archaeologists working on Early Neolithic Houses

Neolithic house at Cata Sand

Braving the inter-tidal waves at at Cata Sand beach on Sanday, Orkney, archaeologists have uncovered the first ‘classic’ early Neolithic house to be discovered on the island. Dating from c.3400-3100 BC, the house’s remains comprise two construction layers, with internal structures ranging from a stone set hearth and various pits to partitioning walls. Its footprint […]

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Beating London’s bodysnatchers

Archaeological work under the Crossrail project has uncovered evidence of bodysnatching in the City of London. Construction of the capital’s new Elizabeth Line has created one of the most extensive archaeological programmes ever undertaken in the UK (see CA 313 and 327), and work on the Broadgate entrance to the new Crossrail station at Liverpool […]

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Multiplying Lufton fishes

The first project to excavate at Lufton Roman villa since the 1960s has revealed new details of the Somerset site’s famous octagonal fish mosaic. Surrounding a deep pool that has been variously interpreted as an ostentatious bath, a Christian baptistery, or part of an impressive suite of reception rooms, the elaborate 4th-century floor was first […]

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Pictish longhouse unearthed at Burghead Fort?

Burghead Fort, near Lossiemouth in Moray, is thought to have been a significant Pictish seat of power, being the biggest fort of its type in Scotland. However, it was long believed that the site had been largely destroyed by 19th-century development. Now archaeological work has revealed the presence of a surviving building with intact floor […]

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