The Ditches : the first Roman villa in the west

In the mid-1980s, a group of archaeology graduates excavated a Roman villa in the Cotswolds but the true significance of the villa is only just being revealed: not only is it the earliest known example of a Roman stone building in the Cotswolds (built AD 75–100), it stands within a late Iron Age enclosure that also contains […]


Silver of the Iceni

The traditional image is of backward, hostile, bluepainted hordes led by a red-haired fury. Unlike the Celtic sophisticates of the South East, with their wheel-thrown tablewares and imported wines, the Norfolk Iceni were rural primitives. Or were they? Megan Dennis, specialist in Late Iron Age metalwork, pays tribute to the high culture of Boudica’s people.

Ice Age haul from beneath the waves

Hand axes from the Ice Age have been dragged up from the North Sea, just off Great Yarmouth.  The 28 hand-axes are over 100,000 years old and were found along with bones and teeth in gravel dredged from the sea floor. 


Maritime Salvage

James Morrison takes CA inside the growing danger to maritime archaeology posed by private salvers – is there any 'middle ground'? When uniformed Spanish Civil Guard officers boarded a US-registered commercial archaeology vessel off Gibraltar in July 2007, amid rumours its crew were hiding the location of a £250 million hoard of gold and silver […]


The end of Roman Bath

Bath — Aquae Sulis — was one of the jewels of Romano-British civilisation. What happened to it when the Romans left? Roman specialist James Gerrard has been studying the tantalising evidence for the end of Roman Bath.


Preserving Britain's Glories

When Sir Neil Cossons retired as Chairman of English Heritage in June 2007, his farewell party was held in a building overlooking St Pancras Station. This was a fitting venue given the extent of Neil’s personal involvement in the transformation of William Henry Barlow’s revolutionary train shed — the world’s largest singlespan structure when it […]


Beetles, Lentils and Anchovies

No, not some new dieting fad – what beetles, lentils and anchovies have in common is their value as indicators of ancient climate change. In a special issue of the journal Fisheries Research (Volume 87, November 2007), an international group of ecologists and historians have drawn upon archaeological material, tax accounts, church registers and monastic account […]


Coal Mine Tops

Participants in a poll to name Scotland’s most treasured place put Victoria Colliery at the top of the poll.  The mine, in Newtongrange, Midlothian, opened in the 1890s and became renowned as one of the first Scottish ‘super-pits’, with a workforce of almost 2,000 at its peak. 


Caistor Survey Reveals Iron Age Origins

A recent geophysical survey has revealed the plan of the Roman town at Caistor St Edmund in astonishing detail, including circular features that apparently predate the Roman town and others that could indicate Saxon settlement.