A relative newcomer to the world of archaeology, forensic techniques have been responsible for startling revelations — such as that Napoleon Bonaparte suffered arsenic poisoning, with significant traces of the toxin found in his hair — and is increasingly being employed to solve modern criminal investigations.

Osteoarchaeology is the detailed study of human bones, determining not only how, when and why a subject died, but also how they lived and what diseases or injuries they suffered — as with Oxford Archaeology’s project at Greenwich Naval Cemetery earlier this year (see CA 227).
Zooarchaeology concentrates on animal remains found within an archaeological context.

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