There are many areas of the world and periods in the story of the human race to which archaeologists can devote themselves through research and excavation. From Roman coins to Egyptian hieroglyphs, from the Maya pyramids to the megaliths of Stonehenge, there is something to intrigue, obsess and satisfy everyone with imagination, dedication and enthusiasm for research. This is, perhaps, one of the more traditional pathways in archaeology, and one which will appeal to a student who has a clear idea of a specific topic that interests them.
Normally, pursuing research will lead to an MA and PhD. A likely career path will be to stay in academia, but other opportunities include becoming a museum curator or a consultant in either the private or public sectors. A PhD is usually a pre-requisite for an academic career as a university researcher or lecturer and it is common to hold a series of short-term post-doctoral positions before securing a permanent tenure.